The new national education policy and 2020, Let’s try to analyze the new national education policy and NEP 2020 in India. The first one was in 1968. The second one was in 1986. And now in 2020. So the draft of the new policy was prepared by our Indian Government And we are going to analyze the pros, the cons.
So let’s have a look at the pros.
The positives of NEP and New Education Policy, One of the biggest changes that we are going to face in the new NEP is in the school education system.
NEP is in the School Education System
The biggest changes of NEP in the school education system, which is the 10 plus two systems has been converted to five plus three plus three plus four system (5+3+3+4), the foundational stage, the preparatory stage, the middle stage, and the secondary stage, The educational standards of many of the developed countries and which is really a good idea because kids have more options to choose from at each one of these stages like five plus three plus three plus four.
NEP in degree or the graduation program
The degree or the graduation program will be four years with multiple Entry-Exit options and options to change your streams as well. So the students have the option to leave the course after each year like the student can complete one year, he will get a certificate. He can complete two years of graduation and get a diploma certificate. If she completes three years, she gets a degree certificate and if she completes four years, she gets the bachelor research degree certificate.
Now coming back to the multiple entry or exit options in the graduation system.
This could be beneficial in two ways. First, if a student starts the graduation program completes one year starts to work or wants to work or maybe because of the financial condition or any reason. He wants to go, He can work. All the credits of his first-year education will be in the credit bank and he can resume the education whenever he wants to. This also leaves behind the term college dropout because you can join back at any time, your credits will be in the credit back.
And the other reason for discontinuing the course could be this change in Stream. The person has studied arts degree for the first year and then the person wants to change to science or any other stream. So then the person can change easily for complete credits of the one-year education that she completed will be added to the new course, which is great because students will not have the tension of losing a year.
The next best thing about the new NEP is that it focuses on the application of knowledge.
Now if this NEP comes into reality, as it says in the document, kids will be assessed on many different things rather than just the memory power or the cramming skill, the 2020 NEP also emphasizes critical thinking and analytic skills of the students. And it is also replacing the old report card system, which is only made by the teacher and instead along with the teachers, the students of the class and the student themselves can self assess and contribute to the grading system or the report card system, which is very good because that again enhances their critical thinking and self-analyzing abilities.
The next positive side is much awaited, which is the entry of the top hundred colleges into India. This has different positive aspects including the Indian colleges will have a competitive mentality and they will improve their structures, our students will receive international exposure and India can turn into a global study destination comparing costs of education to other developed countries and we can be a tough competition to China, in this case, one of the most underrated plus points of this new NEP would be the mandatory counseling system. Which means every school should have a counseling system for the students to help them handle their stress and emotional issues.
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